My research uses quantitative methods to study the politics of race, ethnicity, and gender in the U.S. context. Scroll down for more information about my dissertation and research agenda.
HE SAID WHAT?! GROUP THREAT AND EXPLICIT RACIAL RHETORIC IN AMERICAN POLITICS
Overt, explicit references to race and identity have started to rise in political discourse. Contextualizing this rise in the longstanding role that identity-based appeals have played in American politics, my dissertation explores the way that implicit and explicit group-based appeals are (and have been) used by elites, and the effects that these appeals have on political behavior. I adopt a group threat framework to argue that when a dominant group perceives greater threat to their status, they will be more likely to accept such appeals and allow them to cue identity-based considerations for use in their decision making processes. I use both survey experiments and analyses of political media to test my expectations.
Click here for one of my dissertation chapters that I presented at the Midwest Political Science Association's 2019 conference. It won the James W. Prothro Award for Outstanding Research from UNC's Department of Political Science in 2019! An updated version is currently under review.
IDENTITY-BASED PROFILING AND POLICING
To what extent does identity - broadly conceived - influence interactions with the police? I study the way that race, gender, age, and class play a role in concrete outcomes that individuals experience from their contact with law enforcement.
Baumgartner, Frank R., Leah Christiani, Derek A. Epp, Kevin Roach, and Kelsey Shoub. 2017. "Racial Disparities in Traffic Stop Outcomes." Duke Forum for Law and Social Change. 9: 21-53.
Christiani, Leah. "Intersectional Stereotyping in Policing: An Analysis of Traffic Stop Outcomes." Accept with minor revision (revision submitted August 2019): Politics, Groups, and Identities.
Shoub, Kelsey, Derek A. Epp, Frank R. Baumgartner, Leah Christiani and Kevin Roach. "Race, Place, and Context: The Persistence of Race Effects in Traffic Stop Outcomes in the Face of Situational, Demographic, and Political Controls." Conditionally accepted: The Journal of Race, Ethnicity, and Politics.
Shoub, Kelsey, Leah Christiani, Frank R. Baumgartner, Derek A. Epp, and Kevin Roach. "Fines, Fees, and Disparities: The Link between Municipal Reliance on Fines and Racial Disparities in Policing." Submitted, June 2019.
Christiani, Leah, Kelsey Shoub, Frank R. Baumgartner, Derek A. Epp, and Kevin Roach. "The Conditional Effects of Descriptive Representation on Racial Disparities in Traffic Stop Outcomes." Target for Submission: October 2019.
Roach, Kevin, Frank R. Baumgartner, Leah Christiani, Derek Epp, and Kelsey Shoub. "At the Intersection: The Amplifying Effects of Gender and Stop Purpose on Race in Determining Traffic Stop Outcomes." Target for Submission: November 2019.
Baumgartner, Frank R., Leah Christiani, and Kevin Roach. "Update on Racial Disparities in Traffic Stops Statistics from the Texas Department of Public Safety Using 2016 Data." Prepared on April 26, 2017.
Baumgartner, Frank R., Kevin Roach, and Leah Christiani. "Analyzing Racial Disparities in Traffic Stop Statistics from the Texas Department of Public Safety." Prepared for the September 20, 2016 committee hearing on the Texas DPS Traffic Statistics.